My former graduate student David Kidd and I first published evidence that reading literary fiction improved one’s capacity to infer and represent other people’s mental states (a capacity that is called Theory of Mind in psychological literature) in a 2013 article reporting results from five experiments, published in Science. Two other articles of ours further supports our original claims. The first is published in the APA journal Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts and looks at the same question using a correlational approach. The second article replicates the experimental findings and begins to elucidate the mechanisms. It is accepted for publication and is due to appear in the journal Scientific Study of Literature in fall 2016. Replications and extensions of our findings by independent researchers appeared in the the journal Poetics and, with an italian sample, in the journal PlosONE.
The Science article has received extensive media coverage worldwide. In addition to TV (see TV interview here) and newspaper coverage, this work has been discussed on several NPR programs (All Things Considered, The Diane Rehm Show, and NPR Books) and international radio programs (FRANCEinter). On October 4th 2013 it made the front page of the New York Times, was discussed in The New Yorker, and reviewed in Scientific American. This work was also widely covered in the international press (La Repubblica, Focus , The Guardian, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, The Huffington Post).
At the time of updating this page, the second article has just been published and already received some positive coverage in The Guardian and Le Figaro, and was reviewed in the British Psychological Society’s blog.
Our research on these questions has been aided by various intramural grants from the New School for Social Research and Eugene Lang College, both part of The New School, as well as by a generous fellowship from the Whiting Foundation and an award from the National Endowment for the Arts.